Established in 1864, Eden Gardens in Kolkata is the oldest cricket stadium in India. It is located in BBD Bagh, Kolkata (700021) and owned by the Indian Army. With a seating capacity of 66,000, it is currently the largest cricket ground in India, having previously had a capacity of 100,000! The two ends at this stadium are the Pavilion End and High Court End. It is one of the cricket grounds in India with floodlights. In April 2017, the stands at the Eden Gardens were named after four army soldiers, who sacrificed their lives in fighting for the country. The stands (seating arrangement) at the Eden Gardens are as follows: B Upper, B Lower, C Upper, C Lower, D Upper, D Lower, E, F Upper, F Lower, G Upper, G Lower, H Upper, H Lower, K Upper, K Lower, L Upper, L Lower, and Club House.
The first-ever international match the venue hosted was in January 1934, when India took on England in a Test match. In all, it has hosted 41 Tests, all involving India, 30 One-Day Internationals and six Twenty20 Internationals including the 2016 ICC World T20 final between England and West Indies. The home teams are Bengal in the Ranji Trophy, Kolkata Knight Riders in IPL and the Indian cricket team.
The lowest point for this venue is the riots that broke out in the stands during the 1996 ICC Cricket World Cup semi-final between India and Sri Lanka, forcing the umpires to call the match off prematurely with the Island nation on the brink of a victory. In October 2015, a Twenty20 International between India and South Africa had to be called off—due to a wet outfield—without a ball being bowled. This incident forced the Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB) to improve the drainage system at the venue and avoid a recurrence.
Rohit Sharma is one of the cricketers whose favourite hunting ground has been the Eden Gardens. He made his Test debut at this venue, scored his highest ODI score here and won two IPL titles as captain of Mumbai Indians.
Eden Gardens pitch report
The pitch here was largely sluggish (typical of most Indian pitches) until 2016, though high-scoring matches weren’t rare. In the lead-up to the ICC World Twenty20 in 2016, the pitch was relaid and has since become one of the few fast-bowler-friendly pitches in the country, with it offering good pace, bounce and carry and thereby facilitating an even contest between bat and ball.
Match record at Eden Gardens
First Test: India vs England, January 5 to 8, 1934
Most-recent Test: India vs Sri Lanka, November 16 to 20, 2017
First ODI: India vs Pakistan, February 18, 1987
Most-recent ODI: India vs Australia, September 21, 2017
First T20I: India vs England, October 29, 2011
Most-recent T20I: England vs West Indies, April 3, 2016
Last match: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Sunrisers Hyderabad, May 25, 2018
India’s record at Eden Gardens